Food is the primary source of nourishment for humans, animals and plants alike. It provides energy, essential vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrients that support proper bodily functioning as well as maintaining healthy cells.
Eating nutritious food is essential for your health and can help you live longer. Furthermore, healthy eating contributes to protecting the environment and climate change.
A nutritious diet should include plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains; proteins from plants (like beans, lentils, peas, nuts and seeds); fats from plants, meat and dairy products; carbs from various sources including starchy foods like potatoes, corn, rice or pasta. Eating these nutritious foods in the right amounts not only helps you reach and maintain a healthy weight but it can improve overall health by decreasing the risk of chronic diseases like diabetes.
Fruits and vegetables are an integral part of a balanced diet, providing fiber, protein and other vital nutrients. Furthermore, they contain antioxidants which combat free radicals that may cause inflammation or other health issues. Furthermore, fruits and vegetables contain calcium, iron, zinc as well as vitamins A, C and K in significant amounts.
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Grains and cereals are an important source of carbohydrate, the body’s primary energy source. Furthermore, they contain iron as well as B-group vitamins.
Grains are an excellent source of dietary fiber, which has been shown to lower blood cholesterol levels and prevent heart disease. Examples of grains include bread, pasta, rice, oats and other grain products.
Dairy products provide essential proteins, calcium and other essential nutrients. Milk and other dairy products are especially important for children and women of childbearing age as they provide vitamin D which aids in bone development.
Animal foods like poultry, fish and offal are packed with protein, fat and numerous micronutrients. Not only that, but they’re an excellent source of B-group vitamins such as vitamin B12.
Meat and poultry, such as beef, chicken, pork, lamb and turkey are staple foods around the world. Not only do they provide essential amounts of dietary fibre, iron and zinc but also other micronutrients like some B-group vitamins.
Some people consume eggs and dairy products such as cheese. These provide essential amino acids, choline, and other B-group vitamins.
They are essential to the growth and development of children and young people, as well as for healthy bones. Furthermore, they provide important calorie sources for older adults.
The amount of protein, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins a person requires varies based on their age, sexual activity and illness or recovery. Thus it’s essential for individuals to monitor their diets carefully in order to guarantee they get all essential nutrients.